Actvity Summary: Students investigate core samples obtained across a subduction zone off the east coast of Japan and compare the rock found in each drill hole.



  • Standard A: Unifying concepts and processes in science
  • Standard B: Science as inquiry
  • Standard D: Life science
  • Standard E: Earth and space science
  • Standard F: Science and technology

  • Cause and effect
  • Scale, proportion, quantity
  • System and system models
  • Structure and function
  • Stability and change

  • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Engaging in argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

  • ESS1. C The history of the planet Earth
  • ESS2.A Earth materials and systems
  • ESS2.B Plate tectonics and large-scale system interactions
  • ESS2.C The roles of water in Earth’s surface processes
  • LS1.B Growth and development of organisms
  • LS1.C Organization for matter and energy flow in organisms
  • LS2.A Interdependent relationships in ecosystems
  • LS2.B Cycles of matter and energy transfer in ecosystems
  • LS2.C Ecosystem dynamics, functioning, and resilience
  • LS4.B Natural selection
  • LS4.C Adaptation