Geological setting of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is on the Caribbean tectonic plate. To the west is the Cocos tectonic plate. The Cocos plate is moving northeast at a rate of 9 cm per year relative to the Caribbean plate.  When two plates move toward each other, two things can happen – either the rocks pile up and form mountains, or one plate moves below the other. The second occurrence is called subduction. That is what is happening here. The Cocos Plate is being subducted below the Caribbean plate.
We are offshore of the Osa Penisula, where the Cocos Ridge is. In this figure, blue is the deepest depth and red indicates the highest mountains and volcanoes. The ridge is about 2000 m below the ocean surface while the surrounding seafloor is about 3000 m deep. To the northwest is a deep trench where the Cocos plate is subducting. At the Osa Pennisula, the trench is relatively shallow compared to most trenches.
As I’ve mentioned before, we are very close to shore and in shallow waters. We want to be able to tell the story of the rocks. 
The top 500 m of sediments (soft rocks) tell the history of the last 15 million years. Being close to shore, we will see land and oceanic sediments in these upper rocks. 
The basement rock (hard rock) below will tell the cooling history. Some of the scientists have been studying this region for 20 years. Their in-depth understanding is very helpful for the rest of the team to understand the complex system they will be studying. 




Wow those are some pretty amazing findings. Costa Rica is one of my favorite places to visit in the world! It's incredible that you all can find out such detailed information about the geological happenings under the ocean. Because the Cocos ridge is subducting, would atlas travel insurance< be a good idea when traveling through the ocean there? I know for the most part Costa Rica is a pretty safe country, but I know there can be some dangers when going through Nicaragua and other places down there! Anyway, love the research!

Thank you for sharing the maps!

I just had my 6th grade students color code a profile drawing of the ocean floor for geologic features (the continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal plain, volcanic islands, oceanic trench & mid-ocean ridge). We compared our profile drawing to the colors used on the map off Costa Rica's coast! Can be done with a map of Japan's coast as well since they both have subduction zones & sit near convergent plate boundaries. -Mrs. F.